A Theological Examination of Adventist Pre-Advent Investigative Judgment

By: Majola, Phumlani Lucky
Material type: Computer fileComputer filePublisher: Johannesburg South African Theological Seminary 2010Description: 193p PDF A4 Abstract, TOC, Bibliography, AppendicesSubject(s): Judgment Day -- Adventist EschatologyDissertation note: Master of Theology South African Theological Seminary 2010 Dr. Samuel Kunhiyop
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Abstract: This research analyses and evaluates the Seventh-day Adventist (SDA) theology of Pre-Advent Investigative Judgment(PAIJ), based on Scripture.This research begins witha historical analysis of the SDA church and the development of its theology of PAIJ. The research finds thatthe SDA church was born out of the Great Advent movement (Millerite movement) of the 19thcentury in the United States of America. This movement, with its emphasis on a premillennial advent of Christ, underwent a Great Disappointment which resulted in the re-evaluation of its theology of the Second Coming (and other theologies)through a long process of decades that produced the SDA church.Furthermore, the SDA church has shown evidence of change in its understandingand revision in its expressionof its theology of PAIJ. There is a change that shows increasing emphasis on “righteousness by faith” and the vindication of God’s character.Thisresearch also investigates the theological presuppositions to the PAIJ. Results, amongst many, show that the SDA movement derived much of its teaching from Biblical apocalyptic, which is interpreted largely from a historicist approach and the concept termed the “year-day equivalency”or “year-day principle”.This research also analyses the actual theology ofPAIJ. It may be briefly describedin this way: (1) “pre-advent” –it occurs before the Second Coming of Christ, beginning from 1844 AD/CE to the close of human probation; and (2) “investigative” –the records of the believers’ lives are investigated(from the heavenly beings’ perspective)and revealed(from God’s perspective). The greater objective of this judgment is understood to be the revelation/vindication of God’s justice and grace in his dealings with mankind and sin.This research analyses Biblical evidences, through exegesis (from the books of Daniel and Hebrews in particular),which this research findscompatible with Adventist theology on this topic. However, much more research would haveto be done,by the researcher, on other aspects of this topic so as to produce a holistic verdict on the Adventist theology of Pre-Advent Investigative Judgment.

Master of Theology South African Theological Seminary 2010 Dr. Samuel Kunhiyop

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